POLS 6386 MEASUREMENT THEORY
Third Assignment
Due 21 February 2001


  1. The aim of this problem is to show you how to use KYST to estimate coordinates for the members of Congress by analyzing the agreement score matrix computed from the roll calls. To do this you need to run a program that creates the agreement scores from the roll call data and then you need to use Epsilon to paste the agreement score matrix into a file that KYST understands. Download the agreement score matrix program, the 106th Senate roll call data, and the "control card" file:

    HOUSYM3.F95 -- FORTRAN 95 Agreement Score Program. Can easily be compiled with gfortran.

    90th Senate Roll Call Data

    symstrt3.dat -- Control Card File for Agreement Score Program

    and place them in the same folder on a WINTEL machine. SYMSTRT3.DAT looks like this:
    
    SEN90KH.ORD
    SEN90.DAT
    (36A1,1600I1)
     596  36  20 0.025
    
    The first line is the name of the roll call matrix that the program will read and compute the agreement scores from. The second line is the name of the output file (its a good idea to name the output file something that you can remember!). And the third line is the number of roll call votes. Note that this number is always 4 digits -- in this case, 0596! So if you analyze a matrix with 1122 roll calls, the third line would be 1122. If there were only 99 roll calls, the third line would be 0099. The second number is the number of characters before the roll calls start. The third is the minimum number of votes a legislator has to make to be included and the last number is the minimum minority on a roll call to be included in the calculation (e.g., 100-0, 99-1, and 98-2 would be discarded).

    1. At the command line type

      HOUSYM3

      The program should only take a few seconds to run and it produces two output files -- SEN90.DAT that you specified in the "control card" file, and a diagnostics file HOUSYM3.DAT. For example, below is the corresponding output files for the 90th Senate (only the agreement score matrix is shown):
      *********SEN90.DAT**********
       909990399 0USA     10000JOHNSON     100  61  50  52  65  70  37  45  42  72  42  47  50  73  70  60  35  65  54  38  42  69  80  49  42  54  70  59  65  48  44  50  59  63  65  46  57  83  60  74  73  69  76  66  74  76  80  42  41  62  77  73  67  37  38  58  60  75  40  75  78  76  74  76  88  71  49  41  46  63  64  52  70  80  55  57  68  68  78  73  42  36  56  44  54  63  71  40  46  69  56  60  55  41  73  77  68  52  62  61  40  78
       90 876441 0ALABAMA 10001SPARKMAN     61 100  89  50  65  85  65  70  78  64  61  59  64  65  55  58  48  78  79  70  76  62  70  56  60  65  58  57  62  63  70  69  64  52  61  77  81  69  64  60  58  52  55  51  54  59  64  78  77  65  65  62  68  62  65  71  71  67  54  50  57  77  75  50  48  53  81  73  73  60  47  56  77  73  47  46  59  50  65  57  75  61  57  64  62  65  67  66  67  65  62  63  72  66  70  71  70  74  49  53  57  72
       90 441841 0ALABAMA 10001HILL         50  89 100  53  62  78  69  70  80  56  64  62  66  63  53  54  54  75  78  76  82  59  60  56  62  64  50  56  58  63  68  67  62  46  54  78  81  62  65  56  51  46  49  49  49  52  54  82  81  62  57  55  62  66  69  73  72  62  61  43  52  75  70  43  56  47  84  79  76  58  47  59  72  66  46  45  54  43  59  51  79  65  55  69  62  62  61  69  67  57  57  59  72  72  66  63  67  79  47  48  63  63
       90 386481 0ALASKA  10001GRUENING     52  50  53 100  76  58  43  68  49  54  44  46  46  59  65  48  35  48  47  39  54  55  67  71  48  44  49  71  71  41  34  45  47  55  42  50  55  66  49  69  74  55  67  47  70  72  66  45  45  64  75  75  62  37  42  65  64  64  48  61  67  58  68  57  26  72  54  52  51  78  74  43  62  67  81  62  51  68  59  67  51  33  76  47  50  62  71  37  41  69  52  57  54  49  68  65  67  61  66  73  40  71
       90  48681 0ALASKA  10001BARTLETT     65  65  62  76 100  70  47  69  56  63  49  52  54  69  71  56  40  60  59  44  54  63  78  70  50  54  57  70  74  48  47  55  58  58  55  59  65  74  61  73  76  60  72  49  74  77  77  51  49  68  82  80  74  44  46  71  71  74  47  63  71  69  70  61  80  71  60  54  56  72  68  50  71  76  65  61  58  69  67  72  54  38  75  53  52  68  76  48  46  73  58  63  62  51  72  74  73  66  64  71  43  80
       90 422761 0ARIZONA 10001HAYDEN       70  85  78  58  70 100  57  69  68  63  53  52  59  67  61  56  44  78  75  63  69  61  74  59  55  60  57  57  66  56  61  63  61  56  59  71  78  76  65  68  66  58  62  55  62  66  69  70  67  64  69  70  74  54  57  73  76  75  50  59  64  81  77  56  77  59  75  68  66  68  58  52  79  80  50  47  59  57  71  66  65  52  62  60  60  69  70  56  60  69  54  60  68  60  77  76  73  75  53  58  54  80
       901080461 0ARIZONA 20001FANNIN       37  65  69  43  47  57 100  58  78  62  87  79  81  48  43  68  72  62  68  76  75  62  45  54  84  75  58  45  44  79  84  77  72  50  66  68  63  43  64  47  41  48  36  62  34  36  38  74  76  53  42  39  46  86  87  65  64  45  76  41  35  56  53  40  41  33  72  75  79  46  37  67  58  46  36  53  60  30  46  40  72  82  48  83  76  48  40  84  84  44  65  58  65  76  50  49  48  63  40  35  87  45
       90 338842 0ARKANSA 10001FULBRIGHT    45  70  70  68  69  69  58 100  67  52  57  54  56  54  55  53  53  66  63  59  66  53  62  69  55  57  53  59  66  59  59  63  57  58  54  69  70  62  61  61  64  54  59  53  58  60  61  59  60  64  63  62  65  54  57  67  67  59  56  55  57  65  66  52  26  62  70  67  65  66  60  57  69  63  63  62  52  61  59  61  66  50  66  62  60  71  67  56  58  64  59  63  71  65  64  63  67  69  55  60  56  64
       90 615142 0ARKANSA 10001MCCLELLAN    42  78  80  49  56  68  78  67 100  56  72  67  73  56  48  59  67  73  79  83  85  57  49  56  74  68  50  50  53  69  75  72  65  49  57  80  74  51  64  49  47  42  41  51  38  42  48  83  84  64  53  48  59  75  80  76  69  55  69  40  44  65  62  40  36  39  82  85  77  53  43  63  67  54  43  44  54  37  51  46  76  76  50  77  66  60  54  73  74  50  60  60  73  79  58  56  61  74  42  40  71  55
       90 537271 0CALIFOR 20001KUCHEL       72  64  56  54  63  63  62  52  56 100  67  68  71  68  65  70  49  59  59  51  52  77  72  59  64  71  76  61  65  63  62  67  74  69  76  52  55  69  67  67  64  73  65  70  62  69  68  55  52  68  71  61  63  58  62  60  61  67  58  70  62  68  68  71  70  64  58  54  63  59  55  58  68  69  53  67  77  60  71  64  55  53  61  61  71  64  63  62  63  64  70  71  62  52  70  70  66  54  57  60  58  68
       901081471 0CALIFOR 20001MURPHY       42  61  64  44  49  53  87  57  72  67 100  79  80  52  48  69  68  60  65  70  70  65  49  52  83  76  64  48  48  78  81  76  74  53  71  61  59  46  65  47  42  54  39  66  37  39  38  69  71  53  44  41  48  84  85  63  62  47  75  45  37  56  54  47  45  38  67  68  77  45  37  66  58  49  37  55  65  34  50  44  68  79  47  80  77  48  44  82  80  43  68  59  62  72  53  52  49  59  42  36  85  48
       901051462 0COLORAD 20001DOMINICK     47  59  62  46  52  52  79  54  67  68  79 100  90  53  52  73  65  56  61  67  66  69  52  62  82  74  66  51  55  78  78  79  77  58  72  60  57  52  69  54  49  54  47  71  44  44  47  64  66  62  51  46  52  76  80  62  63  52  75  49  44  62  59  51  56  44  64  66  74  53  43  69  63  53  42  60  67  41  56  50  65  73  57  78  78  53  48  75  76  52  73  67  63  67  58  56  56  59  51  44  78  54
       90  14262 0COLORAD 20001ALLOTT       50  64  66  46  54  59  81  56  73  71  80  90 100  55  50  74  65  61  68  69  69  70  53  58  84  76  66  49  52  78  80  79  78  58  71  66  60  51  72  53  48  56  45  69  43  44  49  68  70  62  54  48  54  79  82  66  68  54  77  48  44  64  62  50  45  43  69  70  79  54  42  70  65  54  41  60  68  39  56  49  65  76  56  83  80  56  48  80  78  52  72  68  66  68  60  59  58  61  48  41  80  55
       90 2636 1 0CONNECT 10001DODD         73  65  63  59  69  67  48  54  56  68  52  53  55 100  74  56  39  63  59  49  54  71  77  62  49  53  63  66  71  52  45  55  60  54  56  51  65  75  58  75  70  61  71  59  68  71  64  55  53  67  75  67  66  46  49  62  67  73  54  65  70  74  78  66  80  71  58  54  54  66  58  53  65  74  57  49  62  64  74  71  58  43  65  53  55  67  75  50  47  68  59  60  63  49  77  77  72  62  61  69  42  78
       90 7847 1 0CONNECT 10001RIBICOFF     70  55  53  65  71  61  43  55  48  65  48  52  50  74 100  60  43  57  49  42  50  65  76  69  50  52  64  73  77  47  40  47  56  60  58  49  58  75  60  81  78  63  74  62  73  74  69  44  42  71  75  71  67  41  42  64  69  76  52  73  75  67  70  70 100  76  50  46  49  72  69  54  64  73  64  59  68  74  74  75  52  36  71  48  53  70  73  42  44  70  61  60  63  51  76  74  77  61  74  78  42  73
       90  82311 0DELAWAR 20001BOGGS        60  58  54  48  56  56  68  53  59  70  69  73  74  56  60 100  69  59  58  60  56  73  62  61  74  74  75  53  60  72  71  73  75  70  77  55  53  60  68  63  62  65  55  77  52  52  57  56  56  65  57  54  57  68  68  59  60  59  70  63  50  61  59  63  67  56  56  56  63  55  49  73  66  60  50  67  75  53  64  60  59  61  59  70  75  62  53  66  69  55  75  72  63  61  59  60  60  54  60  52  69  56
       901016311 0DELAWAR 20001WILLIAMS, J  35  48  54  35  40  44  72  53  67  49  68  65  65  39  43  69 100  60  62  72  67  48  35  49  73  67  53  35  39  71  72  69  61  57  64  62  50  36  61  43  41  42  32  61  29  29  27  63  65  52  32  28  45  78  72  56  51  40  72  43  32  46  39  40  58  32  59  68  64  43  38  78  47  36  34  50  53  34  44  39  63  77  41  72  65  53  33  70  72  35  58  56  63  74  37  35  45  57  46  33  80  32
       90 859343 0FLORIDA 10001SMATHERS     65  78  75  48  60  78  62  66  73  59  60  56  61  63  57  59  60 100  83  70  71  59  65  52  61  64  58  57  63  63  66  66  62  54  64  75  79  63  65  63  61  52  53  55  53  53  58  73  71  63  61  55  65  64  61  70  68  64  54  52  58  71  66  50  68  52  80  73  66  55  51  62  71  65  41  46  59  52  62  60  68  60  53  64  59  66  68  64  65  57  53  56  72  71  63  61  68  73  54  52  58  60
       90 452043 0FLORIDA 10001HOLLAND      54  79  78  47  59  75  68  63  79  59  65  61  68  59  49  58  62  83 100  74  80  58  56  49  67  66  54  49  54  66  72  68  63  52  61  79  75  59  65  54  50  49  45  52  46  47  50  77  79  58  54  53  60  68  68  72  66  58  60  46  50  70  65  43  51  44  84  81  72  53  46  65  67  61  37  45  57  42  56  51  72  67  52  70  61  58  59  70  70  54  56  57  73  75  60  57  62  70  46  43  65  58
       90 813844 0GEORGIA 10001RUSSELL      38  70  76  39  44  63  76  59  83  51  70  67  69  49  42  60  72  70  74 100  86  51  43  51  70  67  47  40  43  67  74  70  62  48  58  74  70  45  62  44  39  37  31  53  33  32  40  85  85  57  40  39  52  76  76  69  63  45  70  36  36  59  53  35  33  28  79  84  74  49  34  69  59  45  31  43  50  29  47  39  80  81  44  71  62  55  42  74  76  43  54  53  68  81  50  45  52  67  43  32  75  45
       90 917444 0GEORGIA 10001TALMADGE     42  76  82  54  54  69  75  66  85  52  70  66  69  54  50  56  67  71  80  86 100  53  49  56  69  66  45  50  56  69  73  69  59  46  56  80  77  49  58  53  46  40  40  50  41  43  46  84  85  60  50  45  55  74  77  74  69  52  70  36  44  64  65  38  45  37  83  86  78  59  42  65  60  59  41  44  49  35  54  47  83  73  56  74  65  56  51  73  70  48  56  55  73  82  61  54  63  79  48  44  73  53
       90 325582 0HAWAII  20001FONG         69  62  59  55  63  61  62  53  57  77  65  69  70  71  65  73  48  59  58  51  53 100  71  61  64  64  71  67  64  66  63  67  74  65  68  53  60  68  70  68  63  67  68  71  64  66  65  55  55  68  73  60  58  58  63  56  63  68  60  66  63  68  69  66  73  64  59  56  66  63  57  60  68  67  54  59  73  59  71  65  56  55  58  64  68  59  65  62  62  63  70  66  62  55  70  70  67  57  56  57  57  65
       90 481282 0HAWAII  10001INOUYE       80  70  60  67  78  74  45  62  49  72  49  52  53  77  76  62  35  65  56  43  49  71 100  63  49  55  71  71  77  50  47  53  63  66  64  52  64  87  60  82  85  72  81  63  80  84  79  50  47  75  85  81  74  43  44  64  67  80  47  73  81  75  81  75  90  79  56  48  53  71  67  52  75  86  63  60  70  75  83  81  53  37  71  48  54  73  77  45  47  77  61  65  62  45  82  86  79  61  68  73  42  88
       90 172163 0IDAHO   10001CHURCH       49  56  56  71  70  59  54  69  56  59  52  62  58  62  69  61  49  52  49  51  56  61  63 100  59  56  56  66  71  54  50  59  58  60  54  57  56  66  61  70  70  58  72  57  65  68  76  49  52  72  69  69  66  48  52  68  72  68  60  63  66  62  69  61  52  72  57  59  58  78  65  58  68  65  68  68  58  67  65  69  58  44  81  59  60  71  70  48  53  72  62  66  61  60  74  70  70  59  73  73  52  71
       901080763 0IDAHO   20001JORDAN, L.   42  60  62  48  50  55  84  55  74  64  83  82  84  49  50  74  73  61  67  70  69  64  49  59 100  75  64  48  51  78  79  78  76  58  71  65  57  48  67  52  47  54  42  68  37  40  45  67  70  60  46  43  51  81  84  68  64  50  76  47  40  56  54  46  45  40  66  72  76  52  44  73  62  48  40  60  66  38  51  46  64  77  52  81  78  54  45  77  80  47  72  65  66  75  54  52  52  61  48  41  83  47
       90 260921 0ILLINOI 20001DIRKSEN      54  65  64  44  54  60  75  57  68  71  76  74  76  53  52  74  67  64  66  67  66  64  55  56  75 100  72  46  52  76  80  79  76  59  80  63  62  55  70  52  50  57  46  68  43  45  55  66  67  59  51  48  56  75  77  63  61  51  71  50  46  64  57  53  48  45  68  68  74  49  41  71  63  57  41  59  67  42  54  50  65  70  50  74  81  52  48  77  79  48  68  63  62  68  57  55  56  59  50  43  76  53
       901120521 0ILLINOI 20001PERCY        70  58  50  49  57  57  58  53  50  76  64  66  66  63  64  75  53  58  54  47  45  71  71  56  64  72 100  53  61  63  63  66  74  70  78  46  49  66  66  61  66  76  64  77  61  65  65  49  46  64  61  59  59  57  58  51  56  62  60  74  61  63  62  77  90  65  52  49  54  53  55  65  63  66  49  67  78  63  68  67  50  51  57  58  71  62  59  58  63  60  72  70  59  49  61  65  60  48  59  57  58  62
       90 415422 0INDIANA 10001HARTKE       59  57  56  71  70  57  45  59  50  61  48  51  49  66  73  53  35  57  49  40  50  67  71  66  48  46  53 100  82  46  40  46  52  54  52  52  61  70  54  74  73  58  72  52  70  75  75  48  49  69  84  71  64  41  45  65  63  75  50  65  72  66  72  63  77  71  58  49  54  74  69  43  66  72  72  60  61  71  67  71  55  33  73  45  50  60  74  42  44  71  57  53  54  46  74  71  72  64  67  74  38  71
       901080022 0INDIANA 10001BAYH         65  62  58  71  74  66  44  66  53  65  48  55  52  71  77  60  39  63  54  43  56  64  77  71  51  52  61  82 100  52  45  53  58  59  59  54  66  77  58  81  79  61  75  58  72  76  79  49  49  74  80  74  72  43  46  71  68  78  53  67  75  73  78  67  66  77  59  52  55  76  69  49  74  81  67  65  64  74  73  76  57  35  79  51  55  69  76  43  46  79  62  63  63  49  80  78  80  70  69  77  41  78
       901081231 0IOWA    20001MILLER       48  63  63  41  48  56  79  59  69  63  78  78  78  52  47  72  71  63  66  67  69  66  50  54  78  76  63  46  52 100  84  76  72  56  70  61  60  49  66  52  48  53  42  66  40  41  44  66  69  58  44  41  49  76  79  63  62  50  73  49  42  58  56  50  64  39  66  68  74  48  40  74  62  53  38  54  61  37  54  48  66  75  51  79  77  53  46  77  76  47  66  62  63  70  55  54  54  59  47  40  79  49
       90 438231 0IOWA    20001HICKENLOOPE  44  70  68  34  47  61  84  59  75  62  81  78  80  45  40  71  72  66  72  74  73  63  47  50  79  80  63  40  45  84 100  82  74  57  73  68  63  46  70  46  40  49  39  63  35  37  44  71  74  56  41  37  51  83  83  62  62  47  73  44  37  59  54  45  50  32  71  72  76  44  38  74  60  49  31  54  60  32  49  43  69  80  47  81  76  51  44  83  83  42  67  63  66  74  50  51  50  61  42  32  85  48
       90 151032 0KANSAS  20001CARLSON      50  69  67  45  55  63  77  63  72  67  76  79  79  55  47  73  69  66  68  70  69  67  53  59  78  79  66  46  53  76  82 100  80  63  75  65  64  52  74  52  48  52  44  66  41  43  54  68  69  64  50  46  57  79  78  66  63  53  70  50  45  65  58  48  50  43  69  71  80  51  41  70  66  55  43  59  61  40  54  50  66  72  52  80  78  59  51  76  80  52  72  70  66  70  55  55  57  63  47  43  77  53
       901081732 0KANSAS  20001PEARSON      59  64  62  47  58  61  72  57  65  74  74  77  78  60  56  75  61  62  63  62  59  74  63  58  76  76  74  52  58  72  74  80 100  67  77  59  61  61  74  58  56  67  55  75  51  55  60  63  62  67  59  53  57  70  71  60  63  59  66  57  50  69  65  61  64  52  62  61  71  53  49  69  67  63  45  65  76  48  62  55  59  66  56  70  79  59  58  71  73  56  74  72  65  63  61  63  63  60  53  50  71  59
       90 205251 0KENTUCK 20001COOPER       63  52  46  55  58  56  50  58  49  69  53  58  58  54  60  70  57  54  52  48  46  65  66  60  58  59  70  54  59  56  57  63  67 100  75  49  47  65  64  62  66  68  65  69  63  63  69  47  43  66  67  60  61  52  53  50  53  59  54  70  62  56  58  72  76  65  49  48  53  57  62  62  65  63  56  67  65  62  65  62  45  45  62  56  61  66  60  51  56  64  68  72  59  52  55  58  63  50  61  59  56  60
       90 674551 0KENTUCK 20001MORTON       65  61  54  42  55  59  66  54  57  76  71  72  71  56  58  77  64  64  61  58  56  68  64  54  71  80  78  52  59  70  73  75  77  75 100  56  55  61  68  59  58  66  56  72  52  54  64  58  57  65  57  51  60  71  67  58  56  54  63  62  50  65  57  64  71  55  58  56  66  52  49  70  62  60  43  68  72  53  62  58  56  62  55  65  73  61  49  67  73  54  70  68  64  59  57  58  58  54  56  51  70  56
       90 290145 0LOUISIA 10001ELLENDER     46  77  78  50  59  71  68  69  80  52  61  60  66  51  49  55  62  75  79  74  80  53  52  57  65  63  46  52  54  61  68  65  59  49  56 100  80  56  62  53  47  43  43  47  44  45  51  77  79  61  54  51  58  69  70  71  66  57  58  39  48  67  62  36  34  41  82  80  71  58  48  61  65  57  45  47  51  40  51  46  74  67  54  70  59  59  57  65  68  54  54  58  67  70  60  55  62  72  47  43  64  56
       90 576745 0LOUISIA 10001LONG, R.     57  81  81  55  65  78  63  70  74  55  59  57  60  65  58  53  50  79  75  70  77  60  64  56  57  62  49  61  66  60  63  64  61  47  55  80 100  68  63  63  56  45  54  49  56  56  56  75  75  64  65  59  64  61  63  76  75  65  57  46  58  77  73  44  60  50  81  75  71  62  51  55  73  71  49  46  55  48  60  56  74  62  60  63  58  61  68  65  62  61  54  55  67  65  69  66  70  79  49  52  57  66
       90 6831 2 0MAINE   10001MUSKIE       83  69  62  66  74  76  43  62  51  69  46  52  51  75  75  60  36  63  59  45  49  68  87  66  48  55  66  70  77  49  46  52  61  65  61  56  68 100  66  78  81  69  83  64  81  82  82  52  50  75  84  81  73  39  43  67  70  83  45  74  82  80  82  74 100  79  57  51  50  75  72  52  76  85  65  61  69  76  82  82  55  37  73  47  55  74  81  45  46  80  61  68  64  48  82  85  79  62  69  72  40  87
       90 8666 2 0MAINE   20001SMITH        60  64  65  49  61  65  64  61  64  67  65  69  72  58  60  68  61  65  65  62  58  70  60  61  67  70  66  54  58  66  70  74  74  64  68  62  63  66 100  60  60  61  56  68  51  55  61  61  59  69  62  54  63  63  64  65  64  64  65  62  55  70  62  58  77  53  62  62  68  58  54  69  69  59  47  60  68  54  64  60  60  62  59  70  71  65  58  66  68  57  68  72  64  66  62  62  66  63  58  52  65  60
       90 101852 0MARYLAN 10001BREWSTER     74  60  56  69  73  68  47  61  49  67  47  54  53  75  81  63  43  63  54  44  53  68  82  70  52  52  61  74  81  52  46  52  58  62  59  53  63  78  60 100  82  63  77  64  75  77  74  46  44  72  81  74  67  42  45  68  71  80  55  74  78  72  74  69  84  76  54  51  53  77  68  54  71  78  65  61  65  74  77  79  55  34  75  52  52  74  75  42  47  74  58  63  67  53  79  78  77  66  72  76  43  78
       901082452 0MARYLAN 10001TYDINGS      73  58  51  74  76  66  41  64  47  64  42  49  48  70  78  62  41  61  50  39  46  63  85  70  47  50  66  73  79  48  40  48  56  66  58  47  56  81  60  82 100  70  79  65  80  85  78  44  41  73  81  77  74  35  40  62  63  78  49  80  79  67  74  76  86  80  50  46  47  78  72  52  72  83  70  66  67  83  77  85  51  32  76  46  52  76  76  37  41  79  60  64  65  48  77  77  78  61  74  80  39  79
       9011201 3 0MASSACH 20001BROOKE       69  52  46  55  60  58  48  54  42  73  54  54  56  61  63  65  42  52  49  37  40  67  72  58  54  57  76  58  61  53  49  52  67  68  66  43  45  69  61  63  70 100  75  69  70  75  72  42  40  61  68  64  57  46  48  47  54  63  50  78  67  59  62  81  87  77  45  42  48  57  61  52  59  69  57  73  77  69  70  69  43  41  61  50  64  62  63  49  52  65  65  67  56  44  62  66  63  46  62  65  50  65
       9010808 3 0MASSACH 10001KENNEDY, E.  76  55  49  67  72  62  36  59  41  65  39  47  45  71  74  55  32  53  45  31  40  68  81  72  42  46  64  72  75  42  39  44  55  65  56  43  54  83  56  77  79  75 100  59  86  86  81  38  36  70  83  78  66  30  34  56  63  75  42  78  83  66  72  80  95  90  46  40  42  73  78  46  69  79  71  65  67  82  78  82  43  28  71  40  49  71  80  33  40  77  56  60  57  41  75  78  73  52  72  79  35  80
       90 382423 0MICHIGA 20001GRIFFIN      66  51  49  47  49  55  62  53  51  70  66  71  69  59  62  77  61  55  52  53  50  71  63  57  68  68  77  52  58  66  63  66  75  69  72  47  49  64  68  64  65  69  59 100  56  58  51  50  49  62  57  51  50  61  61  49  54  59  68  68  56  60  57  69  82  60  48  52  58  53  53  71  61  64  48  67  76  57  65  62  51  57  55  62  72  60  54  61  62  54  71  65  61  55  60  61  58  48  59  54  65  57
       90 414823 0MICHIGA 10001HART         74  54  49  70  74  62  34  58  38  62  37  44  43  68  73  52  29  53  46  33  41  64  80  65  37  43  61  70  72  40  35  41  51  63  52  44  56  81  51  75  80  70  86  56 100  87  79  38  35  64  81  81  66  29  32  54  61  72  39  75  83  64  72  78  79  83  45  39  42  73  74  44  66  78  71  63  64  83  75  77  46  26  73  38  45  66  79  34  35  77  51  56  55  38  73  75  71  53  72  80  31  77
       901081333 0MINNESO 10001MONDALE      76  59  52  72  77  66  36  60  42  69  39  44  44  71  74  52  29  53  47  32  43  66  84  68  40  45  65  75  76  41  37  43  55  63  54  45  56  82  55  77  85  75  86  58  87 100  88  40  38  69  84  82  70  30  35  57  61  76  40  79  82  67  75  80  84  87  49  42  44  74  76  42  68  82  70  64  66  81  79  82  45  27  74  41  48  71  81  37  37  82  55  61  57  38  80  81  74  56  71  81  34  82
       90 613433 0MINNESO 10001MCCARTHY     80  64  54  66  77  69  38  61  48  68  38  47  49  64  69  57  27  58  50  40  46  65  79  76  45  55  65  75  79  44  44  54  60  69  64  51  56  82  61  74  78  72  81  51  79  88 100  46  45  74  82  85  72  34  36  64  65  80  41  71  82  72  77  73 100  80  52  44  45  71  70  48  76  80  67  63  62  79  76  80  43  28  75  43  52  67  80  39  44  81  58  69  54  41  82  81  77  56  71  77  33  82
       90 888346 0MISSISS 10001STENNIS      42  78  82  45  51  70  74  59  83  55  69  64  68  55  44  56  63  73  77  85  84  55  50  49  67  66  49  48  49  66  71  68  63  47  58  77  75  52  61  46  44  42  38  50  38  40  46 100  93  60  51  46  55  74  77  71  67  53  65  36  41  65  62  36  35  34  81  80  75  53  39  62  65  57  36  41  51  32  51  42  80  75  49  71  63  52  50  73  74  47  56  53  69  76  56  54  59  72  41  37  70  54
       90 282246 0MISSISS 10001EASTLAND     41  77  81  45  49  67  76  60  84  52  71  66  70  53  42  56  65  71  79  85  85  55  47  52  70  67  46  49  49  69  74  69  62  43  57  79  75  50  59  44  41  40  36  49  35  38  45  93 100  58  49  43  53  76  78  73  66  49  67  32  40  64  62  32  32  33  83  85  76  51  37  63  62  55  36  40  50  31  48  40  83  78  48  73  65  53  48  76  74  47  56  51  69  78  56  52  57  72  40  35  74  52
       90 914134 0MISSOUR 10001SYMINGTON    62  65  62  64  68  64  53  64  64  68  53  62  62  67  71  65  52  63  58  57  60  68  75  72  60  59  64  69  74  58  56  64  67  66  65  61  64  75  69  72  73  61  70  62  64  69  74  60  58 100  82  69  69  52  56  72  67  75  58  64  68  72  75  62  76  66  63  60  61  73  64  61  76  74  62  58  63  65  71  68  61  49  72  59  60  78  72  52  55  71  65  69  70  59  75  73  79  67  69  68  52  71
       90 575634 0MISSOUR 10001LONG, E.     77  65  57  75  82  69  42  63  53  71  44  51  54  75  75  57  32  61  54  40  50  73  85  69  46  51  61  84  80  44  41  50  59  67  57  54  65  84  62  81  81  68  83  57  81  84  82  51  49  82 100  84  72  38  41  67  65  82  46  72  81  73  80  70 -99  79  57  50  50  78  74  43  76  88  70  63  65  77  76  77  51  35  78  47  55  71  83  41  43  81  58  64  61  45  79  81  81  63  72  78  38  85
       90 644264 0MONTANA 10001METCALF      73  62  55  75  80  70  39  62  48  61  41  46  48  67  71  54  28  55  53  39  45  60  81  69  43  48  59  71  74  41  37  46  53  60  51  51  59  81  54  74  77  64  78  51  81  82  85  46  43  69  84 100  71  35  37  64  67  74  42  70  77  70  76  66  50  79  53  46  48  76  70  41  73  83  70  61  59  74  69  72  49  31  74  45  48  66  81  38  40  80  55  59  55  41  74  77  73  57  66  73  35  84
       90 596764 0MONTANA 10001MANSFIELD    67  68  62  62  74  74  46  65  59  63  48  52  54  66  67  57  45  65  60  52  55  58  74  66  51  56  59  64  72  49  51  57  57  61  60  58  64  73  63  67  74  57  66  50  66  70  72  55  53  69  72  71 100  47  46  69  67  75  49  64  67  73  73  63  77  64  60  55  55  68  64  54  71  73  56  57  59  66  69  69  57  43  68  54  53  73  73  48  50  72  60  67  63  51  73  73  77  68  60  67  48  73
       90 226735 0NEBRASK 20001CURTIS       37  62  66  37  44  54  86  54  75  58  84  76  79  46  41  68  78  64  68  76  74  58  43  48  81  75  57  41  43  76  83  79  70  52  71  69  61  39  63  42  35  46  30  61  29  30  34  74  76  52  38  35  47 100  90  62  60  43  75  37  31  53  50  37  35  28  69  72  78  41  33  70  53  43  31  50  56  28  43  35  71  85  42  81  75  45  36  85  84  39  63  57  63  75  46  43  47  60  38  29  88  42
       90 466035 0NEBRASK 20001HRUSKA       38  65  69  42  46  57  87  57  80  62  85  80  82  49  42  68  72  61  68  76  77  63  44  52  84  77  58  45  46  79  83  78  71  53  67  70  63  43  64  45  40  48  34  61  32  35  36  77  78  56  41  37  46  90 100  65  63  45  78  42  36  55  55  41  32  31  73  76  82  47  35  70  57  47  35  52  58  28  48  41  72  82  48  83  76  49  42  86  83  45  66  59  65  75  50  48  52  64  39  34  86  45
       90  68865 0NEVADA  10001BIBLE        58  71  73  65  71  73  65  67  76  60  63  62  66  62  64  59  56  70  72  69  74  56  64  68  68  63  51  65  71  63  62  66  60  50  58  71  76  67  65  68  62  47  56  49  54  57  64  71  73  72  67  64  69  62  65 100  85  68  65  52  61  73  71  49  18  56  76  73  72  71  58  61  75  67  55  53  57  53  64  59  71  59  68  68  64  69  66  59  63  65  59  60  71  69  74  69  70  77  57  56  62  70
       90 148265 0NEVADA  10001CANNON       60  71  72  64  71  76  64  67  69  61  62  63  68  67  69  60  51  68  66  63  69  63  67  72  64  61  56  63  68  62  62  63  63  53  56  66  75  70  64  71  63  54  63  54  61  61  65  67  66  67  65  67  67  60  63  85 100  71  61  56  61  73  75  54  57  59  72  68  68  72  61  62  73  70  53  55  59  54  69  64  68  55  68  66  63  69  67  60  63  66  61  62  71  66  77  73  69  74  58  59  60  73
       9010810 4 0NEW HAM 10001MCINTYRE     75  67  62  64  74  75  45  59  55  67  47  52  54  73  76  59  40  64  58  45  52  68  80  68  50  51  62  75  78  50  47  53  59  59  54  57  65  83  64  80  78  63  75  59  72  76  80  53  49  75  82  74  75  43  45  68  71 100  51  69  78  75  80  69  82  72  60  54  54  73  69  52  74  79  60  53  65  71  79  76  57  38  71  50  51  71  79  45  47  76  61  64  65  50  80  80  80  67  67  72  41  79
       90 2087 4 0NEW HAM 20001COTTON       40  54  61  48  47  50  76  56  69  58  75  75  77  54  52  70  72  54  60  70  70  60  47  60  76  71  60  50  53  73  73  70  66  54  63  58  57  45  65  55  49  50  42  68  39  40  41  65  67  58  46  42  49  75  78  65  61  51 100  50  43  55  53  50  46  43  65  70  74  53  42  71  58  50  43  55  63  42  51  50  69  70  53  77  75  55  45  72  70  45  67  61  62  69  53  50  54  63  48  44  77  47
       90 156912 0NEW JER 20001CASE         75  50  43  61  63  59  41  55  40  70  45  49  48  65  73  63  43  52  46  36  36  66  73  63  47  50  74  65  67  49  44  50  57  70  62  39  46  74  62  74  80  78  78  68  75  79  71  36  32  64  72  70  64  37  42  52  56  69  50 100  75  61  63  87  96  80  40  38  43  65  68  53  62  71  65  69  71  77  74  77  40  32  65  46  54  69  69  39  44  70  61  66  59  42  65  70  66  48  66  69  43  69
       901014712 0NEW JER 10001WILLIAMS, H  78  57  52  67  71  64  35  57  44  62  37  44  44  70  75  50  32  58  50  36  44  63  81  66  40  46  61  72  75  42  37  45  50  62  50  48  58  82  55  78  79  67  83  56  83  82  82  41  40  68  81  77  67  31  36  61  61  78  43  75 100  67  71  76  86  82  51  44  45  74  73  45  67  79  69  60  62  78  75  80  47  27  71  41  45  69  79  35  38  78  55  59  59  42  74  77  75  56  71  78  33  79
       90  16566 0NEW MEX 10001ANDERSON     76  77  75  58  69  81  56  65  65  68  56  62  64  74  67  61  46  71  70  59  64  68  75  62  56  64  63  66  73  58  59  65  69  56  65  67  77  80  70  72  67  59  66  60  64  67  72  65  64  72  73  70  73  53  55  73  73  75  55  61  67 100  88  61  67  63  71  63  64  66  60  62  80  78  54  55  65  60  75  71  64  49  64  57  62  69  74  57  60  71  61  66  68  56  79  78  78  72  57  61  54  79
       90 661166 0NEW MEX 10001MONTOYA      74  75  70  68  70  77  53  66  62  68  54  59  62  78  70  59  39  66  65  53  65  69  81  69  54  57  62  72  78  56  54  58  65  58  57  62  73  82  62  74  74  62  72  57  72  75  77  62  62  75  80  76  73  50  55  71  75  80  53  63  71  88 100  64  60  69  68  61  63  75  64  58  78  83  61  56  63  63  78  73  66  47  74  56  60  71  80  53  54  79  59  63  66  53  83  83  80  70  64  69  49  83
       90 489813 0NEW YOR 20001JAVITS       76  50  43  57  61  56  40  52  40  71  47  51  50  66  70  63  40  50  43  35  38  66  75  61  46  53  77  63  67  50  45  48  61  72  64  36  44  74  58  69  76  81  80  69  78  80  73  36  32  62  70  66  63  37  41  49  54  69  50  87  76  61  64 100  96  80  40  37  46  60  67  53  61  69  63  70  75  80  77  78  41  32  65  46  56  65  67  40  44  71  66  69  56  40  66  72  65  47  66  71  41  68
       90 367013 0NEW YOR 20002GOODELL      88  48  56  26  80  77  41  26  36  70  45  56  45  80 100  67  58  68  51  33  45  73  90  52  45  48  90  77  66  64  50  50  64  76  71  34  60 100  77  84  86  87  95  82  79  84 100  35  32  76 -99  50  77  35  32  18  57  82  46  96  86  67  60  96 100 -99  37  41  41  51  74  66  80  68  35  67  90  73  90  90  42  29  25  46  40  75  75  36  42  60  67  63  67  41  80  77  83  56  77  92  45  64
       901080913 0NEW YOR 10001KENNEDY, R.  71  53  47  72  71  59  33  62  39  64  38  44  43  71  76  56  32  52  44  28  37  64  79  72  40  45  65  71  77  39  32  43  52  65  55  41  50  79  53  76  80  77  90  60  83  87  80  34  33  66  79  79  64  28  31  56  59  72  43  80  82  63  69  80 -99 100  43  38  42  74  74  43  67  78  78  67  65  84  77  85  42  25  74  39  50  73  78  32  36  78  56  59  57  39  73  76  72  51  72  80  32  77
       90 507347 0NORTH C 10001JORDAN, B.   49  81  84  54  60  75  72  70  82  58  67  64  69  58  50  56  59  80  84  79  83  59  56  57  66  68  52  58  59  66  71  69  62  49  58  82  81  57  62  54  50  45  46  48  45  49  52  81  83  63  57  53  60  69  73  76  72  60  65  40  51  71  68  40  37  43 100  89  79  60  47  59  69  63  44  44  55  40  53  50  81  69  54  68  64  59  62  71  73  55  57  57  70  75  64  60  65  75  46  45  65  60
       90 298747 0NORTH C 10001ERVIN        41  73  79  52  54  68  75  67  85  54  68  66  70  54  46  56  68  73  81  84  86  56  48  59  72  68  49  49  52  68  72  71  61  48  56  80  75  51  62  51  46  42  40  52  39  42  44  80  85  60  50  46  55  72  76  73  68  54  70  38  44  63  61  37  41  38  89 100  81  57  45  67  66  54  42  45  52  38  51  46  81  74  52  75  64  58  55  71  73  50  57  55  72  83  57  53  61  75  46  42  72  52
       901045036 0NORTH D 20001YOUNG, M.    46  73  76  51  56  66  79  65  77  63  77  74  79  54  49  63  64  66  72  74  78  66  53  58  76  74  54  54  55  74  76  80  71  53  66  71  71  50  68  53  47  48  42  58  42  44  45  75  76  61  50  48  55  78  82  72  68  54  74  43  45  64  63  46  41  42  79  81 100  58  40  64  68  56  44  54  58  38  53  47  76  74  55  80  74  55  51  77  76  52  66  61  66  73  58  56  60  71  47  43  76  54
       90 125236 0NORTH D 10001BURDICK      63  60  58  78  72  68  46  66  53  59  45  53  54  66  72  55  43  55  53  49  59  63  71  78  52  49  53  74  76  48  44  51  53  57  52  58  62  75  58  77  78  57  73  53  73  74  71  53  51  73  78  76  68  41  47  71  72  73  53  65  74  66  75  60  51  74  60  57  58 100  73  51  70  75  74  65  56  69  71  71  59  41  80  51  52  69  74  41  48  77  57  61  62  54  76  74  73  66  69  74  45  78
       901045424 0OHIO    10001YOUNG, S.    64  47  47  74  68  58  37  60  43  55  37  43  42  58  69  49  38  51  46  34  42  57  67  65  44  41  55  69  69  40  38  41  49  62  49  48  51  72  54  68  72  61  78  53  74  76  70  39  37  64  74  70  64  33  35  58  61  69  42  68  73  60  64  67  74  74  47  45  40  73 100  47  61  66  73  64  57  73  67  70  42  30  71  41  44  62  71  33  40  68  52  61  56  45  65  65  64  55  69  75  37  68
       90 550024 0OHIO    10001LAUSCHE      52  56  59  43  50  52  67  57  63  58  66  69  70  53  54  73  78  62  65  69  65  60  52  58  73  71  65  43  49  74  74  70  69  62  70  61  55  52  69  54  52  52  46  71  44  42  48  62  63  61  43  41  54  70  70  61  62  52  71  53  45  62  58  53  66  43  59  67  64  51  47 100  61  52  36  56  59  45  56  52  65  67  51  72  69  60  49  67  70  47  65  64  68  71  53  53  57  59  53  44  74  47
       90 659753 0OKLAHOM 10001MONRONEY     70  77  72  62  71  79  58  69  67  68  58  63  65  65  64  66  47  71  67  59  60  68  75  68  62  63  63  66  74  62  60  66  67  65  62  65  73  76  69  71  72  59  69  61  66  68  76  65  62  76  76  73  71  53  57  75  73  74  58  62  67  80  78  61  80  67  69  66  68  70  61  61 100  81  61  62  65  64  73  71  61  51  68  63  64  74  75  56  61  73  67  68  68  60  76  77  76  71  64  62  55  78
       901080553 0OKLAHOM 10001HARRIS       80  73  66  67  76  80  46  63  54  69  49  53  54  74  73  60  36  65  61  45  59  67  86  65  48  57  66  72  81  53  49  55  63  63  60  57  71  85  59  78  83  69  79  64  78  82  80  57  55  74  88  83  73  43  47  67  70  79  50  71  79  78  83  69  68  78  63  54  56  75  66  52  81 100  63  62  67  71  78  76  61  39  73  52  57  72  81  48  51  80  61  60  65  49  82  84  80  65  66  72  45  86
       90 673872 0OREGON  10001MORSE        55  47  46  81  65  50  36  63  43  53  37  42  41  57  64  50  34  41  37  31  41  54  63  68  40  41  49  72  67  38  31  43  45  56  43  45  49  65  47  65  70  57  71  48  71  70  67  36  36  62  70  70  56  31  35  55  53  60  43  65  69  54  61  63  35  78  44  42  44  74  73  36  61  63 100  64  54  72  61  67  44  27  71  41  45  64  68  30  37  68  55  58  49  40  63  64  62  52  65  73  34  65
       901120372 0OREGON  20001HATFIELD     57  46  45  62  61  47  53  62  44  67  55  60  60  49  59  67  50  46  45  43  44  59  60  68  60  59  67  60  65  54  54  59  65  67  68  47  46  61  60  61  66  73  65  67  63  64  63  41  40  58  63  61  57  50  52  53  55  53  55  69  60  55  56  70  67  67  44  45  54  65  64  56  62  62  64 100  71  66  58  63  43  45  70  54  63  60  56  48  54  64  68  69  54  50  57  58  55  47  64  64  56  58
       90 830114 0PENNSYL 20001SCOTT        68  59  54  51  58  59  60  52  54  77  65  67  68  62  68  75  53  59  57  50  49  73  70  58  66  67  78  61  64  61  60  61  76  65  72  51  55  69  68  65  67  77  67  76  64  66  62  51  50  63  65  59  59  56  58  57  59  65  63  71  62  65  63  75  90  65  55  52  58  56  57  59  65  67  54  71 100  64  68  65  51  52  62  60  71  61  61  58  60  61  74  71  60  52  66  67  63  52  61  60  57  64
       90 177614 0PENNSYL 10001CLARK        68  50  43  68  69  57  30  61  37  60  34  41  39  64  74  53  34  52  42  29  35  59  75  67  38  42  63  71  74  37  32  40  48  62  53  40  48  76  54  74  83  69  82  57  83  81  79  32  31  65  77  74  66  28  28  53  54  71  42  77  78  60  63  80  73  84  40  38  38  69  73  45  64  71  72  66  64 100  73  79  40  22  73  39  45  69  74  29  35  74  53  58  57  39  66  69  68  51  74  81  31  73
       90 7229 5 0RHODE I 10001PASTORE      78  65  59  59  67  71  46  59  51  71  50  56  56  74  74  64  44  62  56  47  54  71  83  65  51  54  68  67  73  54  49  54  62  65  62  51  60  82  64  77  77  70  78  65  75  79  76  51  48  71  76  69  69  43  48  64  69  79  51  74  75  75  78  77  90  77  53  51  53  71  67  56  73  78  61  58  68  73 100  85  55  41  71  50  56  71  74  46  51  76  63  67  64  49  78  81  76  64  69  69  46  78
       9010818 5 0RHODE I 10001PELL         73  57  51  67  72  66  40  61  46  64  44  50  49  71  75  60  39  60  51  39  47  65  81  69  46  50  67  71  76  48  43  50  55  62  58  46  56  82  60  79  85  69  82  62  77  82  80  42  40  68  77  72  69  35  41  59  64  76  50  77  80  71  73  78  90  85  50  46  47  71  70  52  71  76  67  63  65  79  85 100  47  32  73  45  51  75  76  39  44  75  60  65  62  46  74  79  75  59  71  75  40  77
       901120448 0SOUTH C 10002HOLLINGS     42  75  79  51  54  65  72  66  76  55  68  65  65  58  52  59  63  68  72  80  83  56  53  58  64  65  50  55  57  66  69  66  59  45  56  74  74  55  60  55  51  43  43  51  46  45  43  80  83  61  51  49  57  71  72  71  68  57  69  40  47  64  66  41  42  42  81  81  76  59  42  65  61  61  44  43  51  40  55  47 100  70  56  70  61  58  54  70  70  53  55  50  73  75  62  57  64  74  51  47  69  57
       90 936948 0SOUTH C 20001THURMOND     36  61  65  33  38  52  82  50  76  53  79  73  76  43  36  61  77  60  67  81  73  55  37  44  77  70  51  33  35  75  80  72  66  45  62  67  62  37  62  34  32  41  28  57  26  27  28  75  78  49  35  31  43  85  82  59  55  38  70  32  27  49  47  32  29  25  69  74  74  41  30  67  51  39  27  45  52  22  41  32  70 100  37  76  70  45  35  83  78  35  59  51  59  74  42  40  44  57  35  25  83  39
       90 625637 0SOUTH D 10001MCGOVERN     56  57  55  76  75  62  48  66  50  61  47  57  56  65  71  59  41  53  52  44  56  58  71  81  52  50  57  73  79  51  47  52  56  62  55  54  60  73  59  75  76  61  71  55  73  74  75  49  48  72  78  74  68  42  48  68  68  71  53  65  71  64  74  65  25  74  54  52  55  80  71  51  68  73  71  70  62  73  71  73  56  37 100  56  58  65  73  43  44  77  60  65  59  52  73  73  72  61  79  81  46  76
       90 679637 0SOUTH D 20001MUNDT        44  64  69  47  53  60  83  62  77  61  80  78  83  53  48  70  72  64  70  71  74  64  48  59  81  74  58  45  51  79  81  80  70  56  65  70  63  47  70  52  46  50  40  62  38  41  43  71  73  59  47  45  54  81  83  68  66  50  77  46  41  57  56  46  46  39  68  75  80  51  41  72  63  52  41  54  60  39  50  45  70  76  56 100  75  56  48  81  79  50  68  65  67  74  55  54  56  66  46  41  81  51
       901120054 0TENNESS 20001BAKER        54  62  62  50  52  60  76  60  66  71  77  78  80  55  53  75  65  59  61  62  65  68  54  60  78  81  71  50  55  77  76  78  79  61  73  59  58  55  71  52  52  64  49  72  45  48  52  63  65  60  55  48  53  75  76  64  63  51  75  54  45  62  60  56  40  50  64  64  74  52  44  69  64  57  45  63  71  45  56  51  61  70  58  75 100  53  50  73  77  54  73  69  63  63  58  56  58  58  53  47  79  55
       90 370454 0TENNESS 10001GORE         63  65  62  62  68  69  48  71  60  64  48  53  56  67  70  62  53  66  58  55  56  59  73  71  54  52  62  60  69  53  51  59  59  66  61  59  61  74  65  74  76  62  71  60  66  71  67  52  53  78  71  66  73  45  49  69  69  71  55  69  69  69  71  65  75  73  59  58  55  69  62  60  74  72  64  60  61  69  71  75  58  45  65  56  53 100  76  47  53  72  62  66  72  57  72  72  76  66  66  68  50  73
       901041449 0TEXAS   10001YARBOROUGH   71  67  61  71  76  70  40  67  54  63  44  48  48  75  73  53  33  68  59  42  51  65  77  70  45  48  59  74  76  46  44  51  58  60  49  57  68  81  58  75  76  63  80  54  79  81  80  50  48  72  83  81  73  36  42  66  67  79  45  69  79  74  80  67  75  78  62  55  51  74  71  49  75  81  68  56  61  74  74  76  54  35  73  48  50  76 100  43  43  80  58  62  63  46  78  80  78  65  68  78  37  81
       901082349 0TEXAS   20001TOWER        40  66  69  37  48  56  84  56  73  62  82  75  80  50  42  66  70  64  70  74  73  62  45  48  77  77  58  42  43  77  83  76  71  51  67  65  65  45  66  42  37  49  33  61  34  37  39  73  76  52  41  38  48  85  86  59  60  45  72  39  35  57  53  40  36  32  71  71  77  41  33  67  56  48  30  48  58  29  46  39  70  83  43  81  73  47  43 100  80  41  62  57  63  73  49  49  49  61  39  32  80  46
       90  64567 0UTAH    20001BENNETT      46  67  67  41  46  60  84  58  74  63  80  76  78  47  44  69  72  65  70  76  70  62  47  53  80  79  63  44  46  76  83  80  73  56  73  68  62  46  68  47  41  52  40  62  35  37  44  74  74  55  43  40  50  84  83  63  63  47  70  44  38  60  54  44  42  36  73  73  76  48  40  70  61  51  37  54  60  35  51  44  70  78  44  79  77  53  43  80 100  46  65  61  66  76  51  49  50  60  45  36  84  48
       90 675467 0UTAH    10001MOSS         69  65  57  69  73  69  44  64  50  64  43  52  52  68  70  55  35  57  54  43  48  63  77  72  47  48  60  71  79  47  42  52  56  64  54  54  61  80  57  74  79  65  77  54  77  82  81  47  47  71  81  80  72  39  45  65  66  76  45  70  78  71  79  71  60  78  55  50  52  77  68  47  73  80  68  64  61  74  76  75  53  35  77  50  54  72  80  41  46 100  59  62  59  44  76  79  79  62  67  75  41  84
       90 7637 6 0VERMONT 20001PROUTY       56  62  57  52  58  54  65  59  60  70  68  73  72  59  61  75  58  53  56  54  56  70  61  62  72  68  72  57  62  66  67  72  74  68  70  54  54  61  68  58  60  65  56  71  51  55  58  56  56  65  58  55  60  63  66  59  61  61  67  61  55  61  59  66  67  56  57  57  66  57  52  65  67  61  55  68  74  53  63  60  55  59  60  68  73  62  58  62  65  59 100  80  62  58  61  63  63  58  54  56  67  60
       90   52 6 0VERMONT 20001AIKEN        60  63  59  57  63  60  58  63  60  71  59  67  68  60  60  72  56  56  57  53  55  66  65  66  65  63  70  53  63  62  63  70  72  72  68  58  55  68  72  63  64  67  60  65  56  61  69  53  51  69  64  59  67  57  59  60  62  64  61  66  59  66  63  69  63  59  57  55  61  61  61  64  68  60  58  69  71  58  67  65  50  51  65  65  69  66  62  57  61  62  80 100  61  54  66  67  64  58  57  58  57  64
       901120640 0VIRGINI 10001SPONG        55  72  72  54  62  68  65  71  73  62  62  63  66  63  63  63  63  72  73  68  73  62  62  61  66  62  59  54  63  63  66  66  65  59  64  67  67  64  64  67  65  56  57  61  55  57  54  69  69  70  61  55  63  63  65  71  71  65  62  59  59  68  66  56  67  57  70  72  66  62  56  68  68  65  49  54  60  57  64  62  73  59  59  67  63  72  63  63  66  59  62  61 100  78  65  63  68  72  58  58  63  63
       901080240 0VIRGINI 10002BYRD, H.     41  66  72  49  51  60  76  65  79  52  72  67  68  49  51  61  74  71  75  81  82  55  45  60  75  68  49  46  49  70  74  70  63  52  59  70  65  48  66  53  48  44  41  55  38  38  41  76  78  59  45  41  51  75  75  69  66  50  69  42  42  56  53  40  41  39  75  83  73  54  45  71  60  49  40  50  52  39  49  46  75  74  52  74  63  57  46  73  76  44  58  54  78 100  53  49  55  69  50  43  74  46
       90 591373 0WASHING 10001MAGNUSON     73  70  66  68  72  77  50  64  58  70  53  58  60  77  76  59  37  63  60  50  61  70  82  74  54  57  61  74  80  55  50  55  61  55  57  60  69  82  62  79  77  62  75  60  73  80  82  56  56  75  79  74  73  46  50  74  77  80  53  65  74  79  83  66  80  73  64  57  58  76  65  53  76  82  63  57  66  66  78  74  62  42  73  55  58  72  78  49  51  76  61  66  65  53 100  91  78  67  66  70  45  84
       90 485173 0WASHING 10001JACKSON      77  71  63  65  74  76  49  63  56  70  52  56  59  77  74  60  35  61  57  45  54  70  86  70  52  55  65  71  78  54  51  55  63  58  58  55  66  85  62  78  77  66  78  61  75  81  81  54  52  73  81  77  73  43  48  69  73  80  50  70  77  78  83  72  77  76  60  53  56  74  65  53  77  84  64  58  67  69  81  79  57  40  73  54  56  72  80  49  49  79  63  67  63  49  91 100  77  64  66  71  44  86
       90 772256 0WEST VI 10001RANDOLPH     68  70  67  67  73  73  48  67  61  66  49  56  58  72  77  60  45  68  62  52  63  67  79  70  52  56  60  72  80  54  50  57  63  63  58  62  70  79  66  77  78  63  73  58  71  74  77  59  57  79  81  73  77  47  52  70  69  80  54  66  75  78  80  65  83  72  65  61  60  73  64  57  76  80  62  55  63  68  76  75  64  44  72  56  58  76  78  49  50  79  63  64  68  55  78  77 100  76  66  73  47  76
       90 136656 0WEST VI 10001BYRD, R.     52  74  79  61  66  75  63  69  74  54  59  59  61  62  61  54  57  73  70  67  79  57  61  59  61  59  48  64  70  59  61  63  60  50  54  72  79  62  63  66  61  46  52  48  53  56  56  72  72  67  63  57  68  60  64  77  74  67  63  48  56  72  70  47  56  51  75  75  71  66  55  59  71  65  52  47  52  51  64  59  74  57  61  66  58  66  65  61  60  62  58  58  72  69  67  64  76 100  52  56  59  64
       90 763825 0WISCONS 10001PROXMIRE     62  49  47  66  64  53  40  55  42  57  42  51  48  61  74  60  46  54  46  43  48  56  68  73  48  50  59  67  69  47  42  47  53  61  56  47  49  69  58  72  74  62  72  59  72  71  71  41  40  69  72  66  60  38  39  57  58  67  48  66  71  57  64  66  77  72  46  46  47  69  69  53  64  66  65  64  61  74  69  71  51  35  79  46  53  66  68  39  45  67  54  57  58  50  66  66  66  52 100  82  41  66
       901081625 0WISCONS 10001NELSON       61  53  48  73  71  58  35  60  40  60  36  44  41  69  78  52  33  52  43  32  44  57  73  73  41  43  57  74  77  40  32  43  50  59  51  43  52  72  52  76  80  65  79  54  80  81  77  37  35  68  78  73  67  29  34  56  59  72  44  69  78  61  69  71  92  80  45  42  43  74  75  44  62  72  73  64  60  81  69  75  47  25  81  41  47  68  78  32  36  75  56  58  58  43  70  71  73  56  82 100  33  73
       901120268 0WYOMING 20001HANSEN       40  57  63  40  43  54  87  56  71  58  85  78  80  42  42  69  80  58  65  75  73  57  42  52  83  76  58  38  41  79  85  77  71  56  70  64  57  40  65  43  39  50  35  65  31  34  33  70  74  52  38  35  48  88  86  62  60  41  77  43  33  54  49  41  45  32  65  72  76  45  37  74  55  45  34  56  57  31  46  40  69  83  46  81  79  50  37  80  84  41  67  57  63  74  45  44  47  59  41  33 100  42
       90 624968 0WYOMING 10001MCGEE        78  72  63  71  80  80  45  64  55  68  48  54  55  78  73  56  32  60  58  45  53  65  88  71  47  53  62  71  78  49  48  53  59  60  56  56  66  87  60  78  79  65  80  57  77  82  82  54  52  71  85  84  73  42  45  70  73  79  47  69  79  79  83  68  64  77  60  52  54  78  68  47  78  86  65  58  64  73  78  77  57  39  76  51  55  73  81  46  48  84  60  64  63  46  84  86  76  64  66  73  42 100
      
      *************HOUSYM3.DAT***************
      
      SEN90KH.ORD                                                     
      SEN90.DAT                                                       
      (36A1,1600I1)                                                   
       596  36  20 0.025
       NUMBER OF RECORDS READ   102
       COUNTS 0 - 9    690  26989   1065   2924   1504   1047  20206      0      1   6366
       ROLL-CALLS READ= 596  NUMBER REJECTED=  77  NUMBER ACCEPTED= 519  CUTOFF= 0.025
       LEGISLATORS READ= 102  NUMBER REJECTED=   0  NUMBER ACCEPTED= 102  CUTOFF=  20
        DISTRIBUTION OF SCALABLE ROLL CALLS
         1 50 - 55      89  0.171
         2 56 - 60      69  0.133
         3 61 - 65      72  0.139
         4 66 - 70      62  0.119
         5 71 - 75      50  0.096
         6 76 - 80      41  0.079
         7 81 - 85      42  0.081
         8 86 - 90      20  0.039
         9 91 - 95      42  0.081
        10 96 - 99.5    32  0.062
       AVERAGE MAJORITY MARGIN=    32500   46440  0.69983
       COUNTS 0 - 9   6498  23899      0      0      0      0  22541      0      0      0
       MISSING ELEMENTS        102         4    0.0384
       ERROR PARAMETER EIGENVALUE-EIGENVECTOR ROUTINE=    0
       EIGENVALUES OF DECOMPOSITION
           1     4.43822     0.91612     8.20821    23.47010    23.47010
           2     1.44930     0.29916
           3     0.76777     0.15848
           4     0.50627     0.10450
           5     0.31978     0.06601
           6     0.22686     0.04683
           7     0.20146     0.04158
           8     0.17114     0.03533
           9     0.15716     0.03244
          10     0.15287     0.03155
          11     0.14520     0.02997
          12     0.12253     0.02529
          13     0.11464     0.02366
          14     0.10175     0.02100
          15     0.10064     0.02077
          16     0.09618     0.01985
          17     0.08692     0.01794
          18     0.08393     0.01732
          19     0.08227     0.01698
          20     0.07936     0.01638
          21     0.07500     0.01548
          22     0.07191     0.01484
          23     0.06340     0.01309
          24     0.06255     0.01291
          25     0.05995     0.01238
          26     0.05708     0.01178
          27     0.05540     0.01144
          28     0.05122     0.01057
          29     0.04967     0.01025
          30     0.04621     0.00954
          31     0.04342     0.00896
          32     0.04181     0.00863
          33     0.03893     0.00803
          34     0.03709     0.00766
          35     0.03514     0.00725
          36     0.03378     0.00697
          37     0.02885     0.00595
          38     0.02610     0.00539
          39     0.02505     0.00517
          40     0.02264     0.00467
          41     0.02188     0.00452
          42     0.02048     0.00423
          43     0.01771     0.00366
          44     0.01649     0.00340
          45     0.01434     0.00296
          46     0.01312     0.00271
          47     0.01166     0.00241
          48     0.01048     0.00216
          49     0.00886     0.00183
          50     0.00739     0.00153
          51     0.00601     0.00124
          52     0.00356     0.00073
          53     0.00289     0.00060
          54     0.00173     0.00036
          55     0.00095     0.00020
          56     0.00001     0.00000
          57     0.00000     0.00000
          58    -0.00138    -0.00028
          59    -0.00277    -0.00057
          60    -0.00608    -0.00125
          61    -0.00702    -0.00145
          62    -0.00902    -0.00186
          63    -0.00974    -0.00201
          64    -0.01058    -0.00218
          65    -0.01121    -0.00231
          66    -0.01388    -0.00286
          67    -0.01448    -0.00299
          68    -0.01660    -0.00343
          69    -0.01773    -0.00366
          70    -0.01795    -0.00371
          71    -0.01960    -0.00405
          72    -0.01973    -0.00407
          73    -0.02194    -0.00453
          74    -0.02342    -0.00483
          75    -0.02399    -0.00495
          76    -0.02487    -0.00513
          77    -0.02592    -0.00535
          78    -0.02655    -0.00548
          79    -0.02860    -0.00590
          80    -0.03076    -0.00635
          81    -0.03221    -0.00665
          82    -0.03243    -0.00669
          83    -0.03569    -0.00737
          84    -0.03667    -0.00757
          85    -0.03763    -0.00777
          86    -0.03857    -0.00796
          87    -0.04202    -0.00867
          88    -0.04354    -0.00899
          89    -0.04434    -0.00915
          90    -0.04458    -0.00920
          91    -0.04684    -0.00967
          92    -0.04877    -0.01007
          93    -0.05203    -0.01074
          94    -0.05764    -0.01190
          95    -0.06257    -0.01292
          96    -0.06599    -0.01362
          97    -0.07737    -0.01597
          98    -0.08765    -0.01809
          99    -0.09626    -0.01987
         100    -0.16147    -0.03333
         101    -0.26313    -0.05431
         102    -0.48754    -0.10064
       END TIME OF JOB         0.4368020
       ELAPSED TIME OF JOB     0.3900020
      
      The first four lines of HOUSYM3.DAT echo back the first two lines of SYMSTRT3.DAT. The third line tells you how many legislators there are in the file, the fourth shows the counts of the roll calls from 0 to 9, and the next block shows the number of roll calls and legislators included in computing the agreement scores. Just above the list of the eigenvalues is a "flag" that tells you if the eigenvalue-eigenvector decomposition of the double-centered agreement score matrix was successful ("0" is yes), and then all the eigenvalues are listed.

    2. Turn in a copy of the HOUSYM3.DAT output file and a plot of the eigenvalues. Use Excel to do the plot. For example, here is a plot of the eigenvalues for the 105th Senate.

    1. Use Epsilon to enter the following commands on top of your agreement score output file:
      
      TORSCA
      PRE-ITERATIONS=3
      DIMMAX=3,DIMMIN=1
      COORDINATES=ROTATE
      CARDS
      ITERATIONS=50
      REGRESSION=DESCENDING
      DATA,LOWERHALFMATRIX,DIAGONAL=PRESENT,CUTOFF=.01
      1999-2000 U. S. SENATE AGREEMENT SCORES
      102  1  1
      (27X,102F3.0)
      *********agreement score file*********
      COMPUTE
      STOP
      Be sure to put the COMPUTE and STOP lines on the bottom of the agreement score file.

      Run KYST on this file and report the STRESS values for one, two, and three dimensions.

    2. Download the 106th Senate W-NOMINATE scores from my website:

      106th Senate W-NOMINATE Scores

      Merge the two and one dimensional coordinates from KYST into this file and put the file into Excel. Use Excel to compute the correlations between the the W-NOMINATE first and second dimension scores with the corresponding first and second dimension coordinates from KYST. Compute the correlation between the one dimensional KYST configuration with the first W-NOMINATE dimension.

    3. Use Excel to plot the first dimension of W-NOMINATE against the one dimensional KYST configuration.



  1. The aim of this problem is to familarize you with my Maximum Classification program. Download the program and the "control card" file:

    PERFL_2006.FOR Optimal Classification Scaling Program -- Can be compiled with gfortran. (The R Package can be accessed from this page.)

    Control Card File

    and place them in the same folder on a WINTEL machine. Use Epsilon to change PERFSTRT_2006.DAT to look exactly like this:
    
    SEN106KH.ORD
    NON-PARAMETRIC MULTIDIMENSIONAL UNFOLDING OF 106th SENATE
        1  672   10   19    9    4   20 0.025    3
    (3X,9A1,7X,4A1,2X,6A1,5X,1600I1)
    (I5,1X,19A1,2I5,50F8.3)
    The first line is the roll call data file, the second line is the title, the third line, in order, is the number of dimensions, the number of roll calls, the number of iterations (leave as is), the number of "characters" to read off the front of each legislator's record (leave as is), and the record number of a Senator that you believe is on the "Left" (this just sets "liberal" on the left -- lower ranks or negative values on the first dimension if the scaling is in two or more dimensions -- and "conservative" on the right). The next number does the same thing only for a second dimension (not used here). The "20" is the number of roll calls for a legislator to be included in the scaling, the 0.025 is the minimum size of the minority, and the "3" is the permutation number used to do a "hard squeeze" of the rank ordering. The fourth line is the format for the roll call matrix. The last line is the format for the coordinate output file.

    1. At the command line type

      PERFL_2006

      The program should only take a few seconds to run and it produces three output files -- PERF21.DAT, PERF23.DAT, and PERF25.DAT. Turn in a copy of PERF21.DAT. It should look something like this:
       13 FEBRUARY  2001  16.44.37.14.
      e:\dtaord\SEN105KH.ORD                                          
      NON-PARAMETRIC MULTIDIMENSIONAL UNFOLDING OF 105th SENATE       
          1  612   10    7    9
      (3X,9A1,7X,4A1,2X,6A1,5X,1600I1)
      (I5,1X,7A1,2I5,50F8.3)                                          
       ******************************************************************************
         1  486   0  47818   4919  0.897  0.663  0.695 -0.149  0.131
         2  101   0  47818   4870  0.898  0.663  0.698  0.000  0.999  0.995
         3  486   0  47818   4783  0.900  0.663  0.703 -1.000  1.000
         4  101   0  47818   4770  0.900  0.663  0.704  0.000  1.005  0.998
         5  486   0  47818   4739  0.901  0.663  0.706 -1.000  1.000
         6  101   0  47818   4739  0.901  0.663  0.706 -0.002  1.004  1.000
         7  486   0  47818   4732  0.901  0.663  0.706 -1.000  1.000
         8  101   0  47818   4730  0.901  0.663  0.706 -0.002  1.003  1.000
         9  486   0  47818   4723  0.901  0.663  0.707 -1.000  1.000
        10  101   0  47818   4724  0.901  0.663  0.707 -0.001  1.002  1.000
                            16.44.37.20.
       ELAPSED TIME OF JOB  16.44.38.96.
      The sixth column reports the correct classification. For the 105th Senate the algorithm quickly converges to 0.901 (90.1%).

    2. The file PERF25.DAT contains the output coordinates for the Senators and the roll calls. In one dimension, this is reported as a rank ordering. The first part of the file shows the Senators in rank order and then in the order that they appear in the roll call file with their ranking:
       13 FEBRUARY  2001  17.13.16.06.
          1 4910133 0 100WELLST   32  472   0.932   1.000
          2 1423031 0 100HARKIN   31  466   0.933   2.000
          3 4930925 0 100FEINGO   84  486   0.827   3.000
          4 1430042 0 100BUMPER   49  482   0.898   4.000
          5  136656 0 100BYRD,   108  485   0.777   5.000
          6 1502121 0 100DURBIN   29  483   0.940   6.000
          7 4930321 0 100MOSELE   59  470   0.874   7.000
          8 10808 3 0 100KENNED   21  472   0.956   8.000
          9 1470923 0 100LEVIN,   34  479   0.929   9.000
         10 14920 3 0 100KERRY,   35  483   0.928  10.500
         11 29142 5 0 100REED     27  484   0.944  10.500
         12 1491412 0 100LAUTEN   39  486   0.920  12.000
                       etc.
                       etc.
                       etc.
        100 4950134 0 200ASHCRO   26  485   0.946 100.000
        101 15116 4 0 200SMITH,   24  483   0.950 101.000
       ******************************************************************************
          1 9990999 0 100CLINTO    8   79   0.899  16.500
          2 4970041 0 200SESSIO   25  480   0.948  96.000
          3 9465941 0 200SHELBY   51  484   0.895  82.000
          4 1490781 0 200MURKOW   33  468   0.929  75.000
          5 1210981 0 200STEVEN   49  484   0.899  54.000
          6 1542961 0 200KYL      32  474   0.932  97.000
          7 1503961 0 200MCCAIN   79  466   0.830  67.000
          8 1430042 0 100BUMPER   49  482   0.898   4.000
          9 2930642 0 200HUTCHI   32  469   0.932  93.000
         10 1501171 0 100BOXER    39  477   0.918  13.000
         11 4930071 0 100FEINST   46  482   0.905  31.000
         12 2910862 0 200ALLARD   29  485   0.940  89.000
         13 9540762 0 200CAMPBE   73  483   0.849  63.000
      
      Merge the rank ordering of the legislators into your Excel file and report the correlation of the rank ordering with the first dimension of W-NOMINATE, the first dimension of the KYST two dimensional coordinates, and the KYST one dimensional coordinates.

  2. Below is a matrix of squared distances between 5 points in two dimensions. One of the points is at the origin and the other 4 are arranged symmetrically around it. Double Center the matrix and solve for the coordinates. Show all your computations.
    
                               1   2   3   4   5
                             --------------------
                           1 | 0   2   4   2   1
                             |            
                           2 | 2   0   2   4   1
                             |            
                           3 | 4   2   0   2   1
                             |                       
                           4 | 2   4   2   0   1
                             |
                           5 | 1   1   1   1   0
                             --------------------